Sheep on the dike at Norden-Norddeich, © Ostfriesland Tourismus GmbH/www.ostfriesland.de
© Ostfriesland Tourismus GmbH/www.ostfriesland.de

Biosphere Reserves


The biosphere reserves of the Wadden Sea and Elbe Valley create exciting and enlightening contact between people and nature.

Lower Saxony offers two opportunities to get to know very special ecosystems that are recognised as biosphere reserves. In these regions, UNESCO has initiated a protective concept that goes beyond the aspect of protecting nature. The focus here is on a sustainable development approach. This means that, in a biosphere reserve, both landscape-related and cultural, social and economic values are maintained and developed. The effect of people therefore plays a central role in a biosphere reserve.

Lower Saxony’s biosphere reserves – the Wadden Sea and Elbe Valley – create exciting and enlightening contact between people and nature. A mud walk offers “approachable mud” – the opportunity to experience the unique natural landscape of the Wadden Meer up close and personal. And the Biosphaerium visitor centre is just one way to discover the Elbe Valley.

Elbe in Dömitz, © Flusslandschaft Elbe GmbH/ Jens Kowald
© Flusslandschaft Elbe GmbH/ Jens Kowald

Elbe Valley Lower Saxony

The diverse landscapes along the Elbe river offer an ideal habitat for endangered plant and animal species


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Lower Saxony Wadden Sea Germany, © Nationalparkverwaltung Niedersächsisches Wattenmeer / Norbert Hecker
© Nationalparkverwaltung Niedersächsisches Wattenmeer / Norbert Hecker

Wadden Sea: UNESCO World Heritage Side

The effect of the tide’s ebb and flow has created a very special coastal landscape that stretches from the Netherlands, along the coasts of Lower Saxony and Schleswig-Holstein, all the way to Denmark: the Wadden Sea.


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Where are the Biosphere Reserves?