The Harz mountains contain the most significant architectural monument from the time of the Salian dynasty: the Imperial Palace of Goslar (Kaiserpfalz). The magnificent Romanesque building sits enthroned above the roofs of the city of Goslar and contains wonderful paintings and historical treasures.
In the 10th century, the city of Goslar became very rich through mining and Emperor Heinrich II decided to build his imperial palace here. At 54 metres long, it was to be the longest building of its time. In the 13th century, the building was appropriated for other purposes, and in 1819 it was almost entirely demolished. At the end of the 19th century, the site was completely restored. Since 1992, the Kaiserpfalz has been a UNESCO World Heritage site.