The Rammelsberg mine and the old town of Goslar were added to the UNESCO World Heritage list as early as 1992. The Upper Harz Water Management System was added in 2010: it is considered to be one of the largest pre-industrial energy supply systems in the world. The first ponds and ditches date back to the thirteenth century, and miners added to the system successively over the centuries. Today, 107 historical ponds and over 300 kilometres of watercourses serve as stunning backdrops along some of the most beautiful walking and hiking trails in the Harz Mountains. A mother lode of mining history has shaped the town of Goslar in the Harz Mountains.
When the Rammelsberg mine outside of Goslar was shut down in 1988, it marked the end of a 1,000-year operating history. Goslar owes its wealth to the nearly 30 million tons of ore taken from Rammelsberg. Its silver and copper ores led to the founding of the Palatinate by Emperor Henry II. For over 200 years, Goslar was the residence of German emperors and kings, and became a centre for the Christian faith. The city is known for its numerous churches, colourful half-timbered houses and cobbled streets. The historical flair of the narrow medieval lanes and the lively marketplace dotted with cafés are best enjoyed on a leisurely walk through the city.
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